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Negative Effects Of Imperialism Essay

Essay on The Negative Effects of Imperialism in Africa

621 Words3 Pages

Imperialism is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through

diplomacy or military force. In the 20th century many European countries attempted to colonize the great continent of Africa. Europeans saw Africa as an area they would be able to profit from, as it had a great climate, good size, and some phenomenal natural resources. While the Europeans divided the continent of Africa they failed to see the possible negative effects on themselves, and the indigenous people of Africa. Their foresight was limited to only the positive outcomes.

After the Europeans began to colonize Africa, they saw great results rather quickly. European influence had caused the opening of many lumber, mining,and planting corporations, as well as…show more content…

Imperialism is a policy of extending a country’s power and influence through

diplomacy or military force. In the 20th century many European countries attempted to colonize the great continent of Africa. Europeans saw Africa as an area they would be able to profit from, as it had a great climate, good size, and some phenomenal natural resources. While the Europeans divided the continent of Africa they failed to see the possible negative effects on themselves, and the indigenous people of Africa. Their foresight was limited to only the positive outcomes.

After the Europeans began to colonize Africa, they saw great results rather quickly. European influence had caused the opening of many lumber, mining,and planting corporations, as well as many other means of wealth. Document 4 shows this when it says, “...who were largely responsible for the for the opening of the region to the lumberman, miner, planter, and other means of wealth.” By having colonies in the prosperous continent of Africa, countries would have a terrific source of income. By having a colony in Africa, Europeans would have easy accessibility to cheap labor, and be part of the slave trade. Document 1 shows this when it says, “These holdings are worked by natives under their direction. The foreigners take wealth out of the country. All the hard work is done by the enslaved natives.” This would make an already outstanding profit into an even better one. There are many positive effects for the Europeans when

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for many nations which had formerly been controlled by some imperial power.

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Imperial powers, in their quest for economic prosperity, disregarded the need for the sustainablemanagement of forest areas and established minimally-regulated lumber industries whichseeked only short-term profits for themselves and their mother country.

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Thus,unsustainable overexploitation of natural resources followed. The effects are clearly inmodern times, as the environmental degradation caused because of self-interestedimperialist endeavors is difficult to reverse, and is undoubtedly connected with therampant poverty and hunger present in many former colonies.

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While some industrial development did occur, imperial interests in colonized territorieswere aimed at creating an economy based on agriculture and the exploitation of other finite natural resources such as gold, silver, or diamonds.

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Thus, the industrialdevelopment that did occur in colonized territories was relevant to the desire of imperial powers to turn colonized states into sources of cheap raw products to be later used in their industries back home. The economy of colonized territories was not diversified or turnedinto an industrial one, and instead a select number of goods were targeted, and their  production/extraction hugely increased.

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Imperial investment and construction focused onthe development and construction of communications, railways, plantations and mines,

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investments which did not by themselves help in the economic transformation of thecountry from agricultural to industrial. Rather, these investments were intended toaccelerate the exploitation of the colonies’ natural resources and agricultural capacities.Once the nation attained political independence from the mother country, the legacy left behind from imperialism established an economy which depended on the export of a fewselect natural resources and agricultural, leaving the country’s economy extremelyvulnerable to market price fluctuations. Most importantly, the unwillingness of imperial powers to reinvest the profits gained from their colonies in their industrial development

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http://www.american.edu/ted/ivorywd.htm

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http://books.google.com/books?id=KEdPowDRZgQC&pg=PA566&lpg=PA566&dq=haiti+deforestation+french+colonialism&source=web&ots=fOsgCCSdIh&sig=Uy7s4G6hz1lPowNX3gNy7Az2bCg

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http://www.american.edu/TED/ice/haitidef.htm

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http://www.american.edu/ted/ivorywd.htm

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http://www.american.edu/ted/ivorywd.htm

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http://www.louisiana.edu/Academic/LiberalArts/HiGe/members/nicassio_files/Imperialism.htm