By Ben Feuer, photo by Steven Lilley
The 2017-2018 common application questions have been released into the wild. This year they’re pretty consistent with other recent years, but there are a few new twists, so read carefully.
First, a few ground rules. Your word count should be between 250 and 650 words for each question. Don't feel obligated to use every word -- but don't go over, either. Double and triple-check your spelling and grammar -- don't get dinged on a technicality! Read all of the topics and consider each of them before choosing which one you will answer. Don't choose based on what story about yourself you feel like telling, or what you think the committee 'ought to know' about you -- instead, select a story where you grew, changed or evolved as a person.
1. Some students have a background or story that is so central to their identity that they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story.
Read this prompt carefully. This is a standard 'diversity' prompt -- which means it asks students to share some distinctive element of their background or upbringing -- BUT the wording is very strong. Only choose this prompt if your background is so integral to your life that you really can't imagine writing about anything else.
Note that this prompt also invites you to tell a story that is central to your identity -- that could be (for instance) a narrative about personal growth, or about an unexpected friendship or chance encounter -- again, so long as it is central to who you now are as a person, it's fair game.
2. The lessons we take from obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience?
The common App has softened this prompt, perhaps after a bunch of complaints of being triggered by even thinking about past failures … 😊 So now, you can write about a challenge, setback or failure. But guess what – you should still write about a failure. If you don’t feel up to it, or don’t think you have a strong failure to discuss, then call us. But seriously, if you don’t have a strong failure, you should pick another prompt, you certainly have plenty to choose between.
OTOH, if you're applying to a reach school, or if you're concerned about other areas of your application, this prompt is your chance to stand out from the crowd and make an impression. Nothing grabs admissions officers' attention as quickly as a well-thought-out failure essay, particularly because most students run screaming from this kind of prompt.
So what makes a great failure essay? We cover this at length in our MBA admissions book, but the fundamentals are this -- you need a singular, powerful failure narrative where you failed not just yourself, but others you cared about. The failure must be absolute -- no saving the day at the last minute. It must point to some underlying aspect of your character which you then identify (stubbornness, overcaution, arrogance). You finish up the failure essay by telling a brief (50-100 word) anecdote about how you have changed as a result of this failure -- use concrete examples here!
3. Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking? What was the outcome?
The flipside of the failure essay, the challenge (or as we call it, the leadership) essay is one of the most commonly seen essays on the common application. This, too, has been weasel-worded down to a softer “questioned or challenged”, but your story about that time you asked the teacher if you really had to sit at the front of the class all year is NOT good essay material, trust us.
If you have accomplished something that was exceptionally challenging for you and really shaped who you are as a person, this is your prompt. If you are just looking to brag about your killer grade in that AP History class or your five goals in the championship bocce match, this is NOT your prompt. Move along.
When thinking about challenges, students always want to focus on the external -- what happened and why it's impressive. This is the wrong approach. The question-writers are giving you a very big clue when they ask you to describe what prompted your thinking – they want to understand how your mind works. The important story to tell is how you GOT to the impressive result -- and what you thought about, did and said that led to that result.
Finally, remember that these types of stories work best and are most impressive when you're motivating other kids (or adults!) to excel -- contrary to what your lovin' mother told you, it ain't all about you.
4. Describe a problem you've solved or a problem you'd like to solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma-anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution.
This prompt is a somewhat unusual spin on a common theme of transformation and growth. There is an obvious STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) spin to this question -- after all, a laboratory experiment or a planned course of study fits into this prompt very neatly. But resist the urge to get completely technical and step outside your own experience! Remember that whatever prompt you choose for your essay, the central figure in the story is you -- your challenges, your growth, your maturity.
This prompt also might be a good choice for students who have been fortunate enough to have interesting experiences in unusual places and contexts. Worked on a social issue overseas? Spent eight months living with the Amish? Shadowed a researcher at CERN? This could be your prompt.
5. Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and a new understanding of yourself or others.
Rites of passage can be fascinating topics for essays -- if they're handled well. No one wants to hear about how grandpa cried at your confirmation -- snoozefest! Becoming an adult is about accepting the responsibilities, limitations and joys of being human, and so should your essay.
The focus on a particular event is important. It's very easy when writing an essay to drift from one subject to another, but great essays have a singular focus -- they're about one thing and one thing only. In this case, the event or accomplishment in question and why it became a period of maturation.
It’s also worth noting the emphasis on understanding others. Surprising or difficult events often deepen our ability to empathize with others’ struggles – if you have a story that involves learning to see the world in a new way, this could well be your prompt.
6. Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more? [New]
This is a brand new prompt, for those of you who are just 100 percent not comfortable talking about yourselves in any way, shape or form. Now, before you breathe a sigh of relief and rush off to write yet another paean to microbiomes or Martin Luther King, let us insert a caveat. This is usually the wrong kind of prompt to choose. For most people, most of the time, you’re going to get an essay that’s dry, technical, and reveals nothing about the candidate – in other words, a waste of word count.
In order to write a good essay about an idea or concept, you have to loop in … feelings! Yours and others. Talk about the people who share your passion, or the ones who inspired it. Talk about the key moments in the development of your favorite obsession – how did it all begin, where do you see it going? Relate it back to larger themes in your life. How has this experience helped you to grow and mature?
7. Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. [New]
This is what we call an open-ended prompt. You can do whatever you want with it, which most folks find utterly terrifying. Not to worry – this should really be a last resort prompt if you have a fantastic essay already written that just doesn’t seem to fit any of the other prompts.
So there you have it! Not so scary after all, huh? Still, you probably have a lot of questions as yet unanswered. Or maybe you have a draft all written up and you want some seasoned eyes to take a look? If so, drop us a line -- we'd be happy to help!
By: Caroline Koppelman
The common app offers five prompts for the personal statement, aka the dreaded “college essay.” Despite the fear the essay evokes, each option gives you the chance to be creative. While we encourage students to explore their quirkiest side, it can often be challenging to strike that balance between being creative and answering the question. The first obstacle is choosing which of the five prompts to answer. Today we’re going to explain some strategies for how to answer the second prompt on the common app.
The second prompt says, “The lessons we take from failure can be fundamental to later success. Recount an incident or time when you experienced failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience?”
A lot of our students read this and think it's a trap. After spending four years trying to mold themselves into the “perfect” college applicant, why would they admit to any failure? Wouldn’t writing an essay about failure ensure a rejection?
The short answer is no, this is not a trick question. It’s a question many job interviewers may ask you later in life. This prompt is a hidden gem of the common application. This question about failure is actually a question about growth in disguise. It allows you to talk about what you’ve learned in the most overt way. You will fail at some point in college, guaranteed. Writing about a past failure and how you grew from it will give the admissions committee a sense of how you will approach difficult situations. Emerging with positive takeaways from a failure is always a good story.
Choosing to write about failure has many advantages. Mainly, it is extremely easy to convey maturity, creativity, a willingness to grow, evidence of change over time, introspection, humility, tangible results, character building, and problem solving.
Many of our students have chosen to write about failure because it is the question that speaks to them the most. One of our students, Jesse, wanted to make a few extra dollars, so he started a valet business. Due to a variety of circumstances (underestimating demand, not having enough workers, etc.) the business failed. He was initially embarrassed to tell us about his failed business because he thought it showed his flaws and vulnerability.
We molded Jesse’s essay into a particular structure: the story of how he failed, what went wrong, and then an analysis of how to change it in the future. When you tell the story of the failure, you want to parse it with some introspective wisdom. Remember, the point of the failure essay is to show growth and maturity, and we can’t repeat it enough. Be careful of your tone in this section. You don’t want to pretend you failed once and now know everything. You also don’t want to overstate your failure. The end of Jesse’s valet business didn’t drive him into poverty, ruin his life, or send him to prison. Failures come in all sizes, and even small ones can teach big lessons. That said, by picking something too trivial, admissions committees will feel as though you’re not being honest
The hardest part comes after you’ve told your story objectively. You tell your reader what went wrong and why. It’s okay to make your reader laugh. If you did something dumb, cop to your mistake. This will humanize you and make you more memorable.
Of course, these three sections—the story, what went wrong, and an analysis—should not be rigid. You can jump around, interjecting analysis in any part that seems necessary. Jesse, for example, wrote about how he would have done more field research and the ways in which he could have adapted his business model faster to accommodate the increase in customers. His takeaways showed the admissions office that he had not internalized the failure as a flaw in his character, but had instead learned from his mistakes.
There are five things you should avoid in this essay.
- A contrived or trivial story
- Overconfident takeaways
- Stating the obvious
- Too much self deprecation
- Too much focus on failure, not enough on lessons
If you can’t think of a failure, consider a time you attempted something that didn’t go as planned. Maybe you tried to create your own business or build a piece of furniture. Tell them how you overcommitted to too many activities, or you tried to run for President of the student government. If you’ve ever been rejected, or felt like you were rejected, you can start there. If you’re scraping the bottom of the barrel for ideas, it’s better that you choose a different question.