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Paleo And Archaic Compare And Contrast Essay


Ohio’s Prehistoric People: Comparing Ohio’s Prehistoric Peoples Using of Graphic Organizers


Each group of Ohio’s prehistoric people was unique in various aspects of culture and the changes they brought to the society of that time. Yet, the different civilizations, spanning thousands of years, shared many attributes. Each group needed shelter but found or created it in different ways. Food needed to be obtained. There are many similarities and differences in this aspect, alone, altered by the passage of time. Tools and artifacts of decoration became more important as wandering cultures established themselves into settlements. This lead to the institution and growth of economies to help people meet their needs, and opened the door to the interrelation of groups of prehistoric peoples far beyond the present-day borders of Ohio. Ceremonies, celebrations and paying tribute to the dead were significant expressions of life common to each culture, and the forms of those expressions, too, shared similarities and differences.

Video Synopsis:

Prehistoric Ohioans
They came to our state more than 12,000 years ago. Some believe they crossed a land bridge from Siberia to Alaska and migrated south. Prehistoric Ohioans looks at the Paleo, Archaic, Adena, Hopewell, Whittlesey and Fort Ancient peoples. See who lived, hunted, gathered, farmed and built mysterious mounds in Ohio.


Students will use graphic organizers to identify similarities and differences between prehistoric cultures in Ohio.


Social Studies Content Standards

Grade 4 Benchmark: History

Indicator: Settlement

2. Describe the earliest settlements in Ohio including those of prehistoric peoples. Grade 4

Benchmark: People in Society

Indicator: Cultures

1. Describe the cultural practices and products of various groups who have settled in Ohio over time:

a. The Paleo Indians, Archaic Indians, Woodland Indians (Adena and Hopewell )

And Late Prehistoric Indians (Fort Ancient)


Graphic organizers: webs, Venn diagrams and tables

Visual Organizers Worksheets

The Paleo-Indians

The Archaic People

The Adena

The Hopewell

The Whittlesey

The Fort Ancient


Compare these groups of prehistoric peoples: Paleo and Archaic

Compare these groups of prehistoric peoples: Fort Ancient and Whittlesey (Late Prehistoric)

Compare these groups of prehistoric peoples: Adena and Hopewell (Woodland)

Compare these groups of prehistoric peoples: Adena, Hopewell and Fort Ancient


  1. After viewing one or more videos from the set, One State-Many Nations, or after your own teaching of the subject, use graphic organizers with which students can identify similarities and differences between Ohio’ s prehistoric peoples. These can be completed by individual students, or in teams of two to four children.


Visual organizers answer key

Students and teachers can use this checklist to check their graphic organizer.

_____ I used library books to find information.

_____ I used textbooks to find information.

_____ I used recommended Internet sites.

_____ I wrote down where I got my information.

_____ I gave some details for each main idea.

_____ I used the most important thing I learned.

_____ I had important information to share.

Product Description

Common Core Inspired Paleo Indians vs. Archaic People of North America allows teachers to cover several skills at once, using fun, Interactive Notebook templates and anchor charts! Teach students how to compare and contrast ancient Native American groups by integrating reading, writing, and social studies. Differentiate your instruction using the tips included with this lesson plan.

In this download you will receive:
Teacher Instructions/Lesson plan with visuals, plus tips for differentiation
Interactive Notebook templates for comparing and contrasting ancient Native American Paleo Indians vs. Archaic People (with and without clipart, as well as with and without answers)
Compare and Contrast Anchor Charts (both blank and with key terms)
Sample short essays comparing and contrasting Paleo Indians vs. Archaic People (with and without highlighted key terms)

You might also like:
Paleo-Indians of Southeast North America PowerPoint Common Core Inspired
Archaeological Mix and Match: Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian People
Illustrated Vocabulary Cards for American History: the Land and Its People
Illustrated Vocabulary Cards for American History: European Exploration
Illustrated Vocabulary Cards for American History: Early English Colonies
Illustrated Vocabulary Cards for American History: Becoming a Nation
Illustrated Vocabulary Cards for American History: The New Nation
Illustrated Vocabulary Cards for American History: Then and Now

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Teaching Duration

90 minutes